Understanding Pelvic Venous Congestion Syndrome

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Watch our patient story to discover how Pelvic Venous Congestion Syndrome affected the life of one woman, and how treatment made a positive impact

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What causes Pelvic Venous Congestion Syndrome?

Normally the blood is pumped from the legs, through the veins in the pelvis and abdomen to the heart. The blood normally flows from the ovaries through the ovarian veins. The right ovarian vein joins the inferior vena cava and the left ovarian vein joins the left renal vein.

When the valves in the vein stop working or there is obstruction to the flow of the blood in the veins going back to the heart, the blood then flows backwards (i.e., the wrong way, away from the heart). This causes the varicose veins in the pelvis around the ovaries, vulva/vagina and down the inner thigh and legs, causing PCS.2

Who can develop Pelvic Venous Congestion Syndrome?

Who can develop Pelvic Venous Congestion Syndrome?

  • Varicose veins develop in 8-20% of pregnant women as pregnancy and the chance of developing varicose veins increases with each pregnancy.3
  • The risk of developing varicose veins is 13% after the first pregnancy, 30% after the second and up to 57% following multiple pregnancies.3
  • The risks for developing PVCS is similar to that of developing varicose veins.
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Pelvic Venous Congestion Syndrome can be treated by a qualified Interventional Radiologist (IR) or Vascular Surgeon (VS). Find a qualified doctor in your area.

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